Video-mediated communication is becoming a ubiquitous feature of everyday life. This chapter considers the differences between face-to-face and video-mediated communication in terms of co-presence and considers the implications for the communication of emotion, self-disclosure, and relationship rapport. Following initial consideration of the concepts of physical presence and social presence, we describe recent studies of the effect of presence on the facial communication of emotion. We then delve further into the different social psychological aspects of presence, and present a study that investigated how these various aspects independently impact upon self-disclosure and rapport. We conclude by considering how the absence of co-presence in video-mediated interaction can liberate the communicators from some of the social constraints normally associated with face-to-face interaction, while maintaining others and introducing new constraints specific to the medium.Download Chapter
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About Martin Lea
I'm a Social Psychologist who's interested in understanding how people communicate, relate and behave on the Internet, social networks, and the Web. I do independent research, write and publish, and have contributed to over 30 books on computer-mediated communication and Internet relationships. My latest project Adoption Social Media Info explores how social media networking is reshaping the lives of adoptive families. I also provide training and coaching for academics, authors, and practitioners to help them build great professional websites that showcase their projects, grow their business, and create lasting impact from their work.